Tow Capacity


srisitt

Member
Joined
Jun 1, 2019
Messages
48
Reaction score
7
Points
8
Location
Washington
Vehicle Year
1991
Make / Model
Ford Ranger
Transmission
Manual
How much can a 4.0 haul exactly? Thinking of renting a trailer to pick up another ranger in my 4.0L, but haven't taken it on the highway with that kind of load yet.
 


Rock Auto 5% Discount Code: 248EE46702D889 Expires: October 1, 2019

Ranger850

Well-known member
Supporting Member
TRS 20th Anniversary
Joined
Jan 24, 2018
Messages
2,769
Reaction score
381
Points
83
Location
Tallahassee Florida
Vehicle Year
2001
Make / Model
Ford
Engine Size
Born with a 3.0, looking for a donor V8
Transmission
Manual
2WD / 4WD
2WD
Total Lift
Stock 2"
Tire Size
Stock
My credo
Doing things wrong, until I get it right.
Pay no attention to me, i have no idea what im doing here. sorry for the misinformation
 
Last edited:

RonD

Well-known member
Joined
Jun 2, 2012
Messages
13,440
Reaction score
327
Points
83
Location
canada
Vehicle Year
1994
Make / Model
Ford
Transmission
Manual
No ^^^

GVWR = gross vehicle weight rating, this is the vehicle's load rating total: vehicle + passengers + load in the bed

GCWR = gross combined vehicle weight rating, would be the number that would be GVWR + trailer's total weight

So GCWR would be what the truck and trailer weighed if you pulled it on to a truck scale

Here is a 2003 Ranger spec guide: https://www.ford-trucks.com/specs/2003-2/2003-ford-ranger-specifications/

Scroll down to Base Curb Weight, under GVWR is that models base weight used to calculate max load in the vehicle, Total Weight is actual GVWR for that model, Rangers are all rated for 1260lbs load, 1/2 ton(1,000lbs) + passengers(260lbs)

Then down to Towing Weight, thats where you see GCWR
Automatic trans is much stronger than manual trans, so automatics have a higher tow capacity, no it has nothing to do with driver skills, lol, its just strength of the parts

So there are two towing capacities, with automatic and with manual
Also engine size and axle ratios, 2WD or 4x4

Basically you subtract Base weight from GCWR to get max trailer weight, assuming no load in the bed, as you add weight to the truck the trailer weight maximum must go down.

Trailer hitch also needs to be rated at at least 10% of trailers loaded weight, so if trailer and load weighs 4,500lbs then hitch needs to be rated for 450lbs

Lightest Ranger weights 3,000lbs, 4x4 extra cab 3,700lbs, so that plus the weight of the empty car trailer will the total weight.

Can your Ranger tow it?
Yes, shouldn't be a problem

May your Ranger tow it?
No probably not

"Can" is the ability to do something, most any Ranger can tow 5,000lbs, even 4cyl, although not very fast, lol.

"May" is the permission to do something, in this case is it Legal for you to tow that much weight on a public road behind your Ranger
The Ford towing guide for your Year Ranger will be the Legal limits used by police and insurance companies, so just a heads up
 
Last edited:

wildbill23c

Well-known member
U.S. Military - Veteran
TRS Banner 2012-2015
TRS 20th Anniversary
Joined
Aug 22, 2012
Messages
2,845
Reaction score
48
Points
48
Location
Southwestern Idaho
Vehicle Year
1988
Make / Model
Ford Bronco II
Engine Type
2.9 V6
Transmission
Automatic
2WD / 4WD
4WD
Total Lift
0
Total Drop
0
Tire Size
205/75-R15
My credo
19K, 19D, 92Y, 91F
No ^^^

GVWR = gross vehicle weight rating, this is the vehicle's load rating total: vehicle + passengers + load in the bed

GCWR = gross combined vehicle weight rating, would be the number that would be GVWR + trailer's total weight

So GCWR would be what the truck and trailer weighed if you pulled it on to a truck scale

Here is a 2003 Ranger spec guide: https://www.ford-trucks.com/specs/2003-2/2003-ford-ranger-specifications/

Scroll down to Base Curb Weight, under GVWR is that models base weight used to calculate max load in the vehicle, Total Weight is actual GVWR for that model, Rangers are all rated for 1260lbs load, 1/2 ton(1,000lbs) + passengers(260lbs)

Then down to Towing Weight, thats where you see GCWR
Automatic trans is much stronger than manual trans, so automatics have a higher tow capacity, no it has nothing to do with driver skills, lol, its just strength of the parts

So there are two towing capacities, with automatic and with manual
Also engine size and axle ratios, 2WD or 4x4

Basically you subtract Base weight from GCWR to get max trailer weight, assuming no load in the bed, as you add weight to the truck the trailer weight maximum must go down.

Trailer hitch also needs to be rated at at least 10% of trailers loaded weight, so if trailer and load weighs 4,500lbs then hitch needs to be rated for 450lbs

Lightest Ranger weights 3,000lbs, 4x4 extra cab 3,700lbs, so that plus the weight of the empty car trailer will the total weight.

Can your Ranger tow it?
Yes, shouldn't be a problem

May your Ranger tow it?
No probably not

"Can" is the ability to do something, most any Ranger can tow 5,000lbs, even 4cyl, although not very fast, lol.

"May" is the permission to do something, in this case is it Legal for you to tow that much weight on a public road behind your Ranger
The Ford towing guide for your Year Ranger will be the Legal limits used by police and insurance companies, so just a heads up
So according to the manual for my Bronco 2 it says 4500lbs...I say maybe half that safely LOL. Not sure how they came up with that number but that's what the manual says with automatic transmission and 3.73 gears...4.10 gears shows 5,000lbs.

I wouldn't want to tow at the max weight in the first place, I've heard some say up to 80% of the tow vehicle's capacity? I try to remain very conservative in towing capacity, better to be well under the limits than close to or over the limits. With the way people love to cut-off those pulling trailers both pickups/trailers as well as semi-truck/trailer combos its best to err on the side of caution and have trailer brakes whether your trailer is supposed to have them or not, the more stopping power you have the better off you'll be...you can get an overloaded truck/trailer moving its the stopping that is far more important.
 

PetroleumJunkie412

2.9l Aficionado
Supporting Member
TRS 20th Anniversary
Joined
Oct 31, 2018
Messages
1,166
Reaction score
711
Points
113
Location
Pittsburgh, PA
Vehicle Year
1988
Make / Model
Ranger
Engine Type
2.9 V6
Transmission
Manual
2WD / 4WD
4WD
Just for the occasion.


36hqhy.jpg
 

projectRanger93

Active member
Joined
May 16, 2019
Messages
161
Reaction score
109
Points
43
Location
Los Angeles, CA
Vehicle Year
1993
Make / Model
Ranger STX
Engine Type
4.0 V6
Transmission
Manual
2WD / 4WD
4WD
Tire Size
235/75-R15
How much can a 4.0 haul exactly? Thinking of renting a trailer to pick up another ranger in my 4.0L, but haven't taken it on the highway with that kind of load yet.
There's no sticker indicating the capacity on the inside of the driver's door?
 

RonD

Well-known member
Joined
Jun 2, 2012
Messages
13,440
Reaction score
327
Points
83
Location
canada
Vehicle Year
1994
Make / Model
Ford
Transmission
Manual
There's no sticker indicating the capacity on the inside of the driver's door?
There is GVWR weight on the driver's door sticker, but that's the vehicles maximum weight rating:
vehicle weight + passengers + load in the bed or any cargo area in the vehicle.

Most Rangers are rated as 1/2 ton, 1,000lbs, Ford often uses 260lbs as passenger weights
So if you subtract 1,260lbs from your labels GVWR you will get "Curb weight" of your model Ranger

GVWR doesn't include trailer weight

GCWR, gross Combined weight rating, is the number you need to see towing capacity and that's not on drivers door label, it can usually be found in Ford Towing guides where it lists all the Ford trucks towing capacities.
 
Last edited:

Dirtman

Well-known member
EMT / Paramedic
Joined
May 28, 2018
Messages
2,370
Reaction score
714
Points
113
Location
Over there --->
Vehicle Year
2009
Make / Model
Ford
Engine Type
2.3 (4 Cylinder)
Engine Size
466.63 teaspoons.
Transmission
Automatic
2WD / 4WD
2WD
Tire Size
So friggin big!
My credo
Give me money.
Bottom line, rangers where never made to tow much. The ohc 4.0 2wd automatics had the highest tow rating and that was only 3,000 lbs. Could it tow another ranger + trailer, absolutely. Should it, absolutely not.
 

fastpakr

Forum Staff Member
Forum Moderator
U.S. Military - Veteran
V8 Engine Swap
TRS 20th Anniversary
Joined
Aug 6, 2007
Messages
4,578
Reaction score
149
Points
63
Location
Roanoke, VA
Vehicle Year
1999
Make / Model
Ford
Engine Type
V8
Engine Size
5.0
Transmission
Automatic
2WD / 4WD
4WD
Tire Size
285/75-16
Bottom line, rangers where never made to tow much. The ohc 4.0 2wd automatics had the highest tow rating and that was only 3,000 lbs. Could it tow another ranger + trailer, absolutely. Should it, absolutely not.
Depending on configuration, some Rangers went as high as nearly 6000 pounds. As an example, this is a page from the 2005 owners manual...
29766
 

Dirtman

Well-known member
EMT / Paramedic
Joined
May 28, 2018
Messages
2,370
Reaction score
714
Points
113
Location
Over there --->
Vehicle Year
2009
Make / Model
Ford
Engine Type
2.3 (4 Cylinder)
Engine Size
466.63 teaspoons.
Transmission
Automatic
2WD / 4WD
2WD
Tire Size
So friggin big!
My credo
Give me money.
Those numbers aren't really the tow rating, they are what it can tow with zero load and in magic conditions. You still have to go by the gcwr minus vehicle weight, passengers and cargo to get tow load. But yea its probably around 4.5-5k when you sort all that out not 3k. But a 05 is also alot stronger than a 91.
 
Last edited:

fastpakr

Forum Staff Member
Forum Moderator
U.S. Military - Veteran
V8 Engine Swap
TRS 20th Anniversary
Joined
Aug 6, 2007
Messages
4,578
Reaction score
149
Points
63
Location
Roanoke, VA
Vehicle Year
1999
Make / Model
Ford
Engine Type
V8
Engine Size
5.0
Transmission
Automatic
2WD / 4WD
4WD
Tire Size
285/75-16
Those numbers are quite literally the official tow rating, straight from the manufacturer. Yes, you need to adjust them based on payload (as referenced explicitly in the image I shared) but that applies to every towing situation and you're just trying to move the goalposts.

As to 2005? I went there because you referenced the OHC engine in the previous post. 1991 isn't available from Ford's website, but 1996 still represents the OHV 4.0:
Towing 1996.png
 
Last edited:

adsm08

Well-known member
Supporting Member
Ford Technician
TRS 20th Anniversary
Joined
Sep 20, 2009
Messages
31,616
Reaction score
1,008
Points
113
Location
Dillsburg PA
Vehicle Year
1987
Make / Model
Ford
Engine Type
4.0 V6
Engine Size
4.0
Transmission
Manual
2WD / 4WD
4WD
Tire Size
31X10.50X15
I know I'm late to the party, but a 4.0 Ranger will easily tow a 4.0 Ranger. I did it on a dolly, with the rear driveshaft out, but I barely noticed the other truck, aside from it looking like someone was tailgating me really bad the whole way home.
 

racsan

Well-known member
Joined
Aug 17, 2007
Messages
1,921
Reaction score
125
Points
63
Age
49
Location
central ohio
Vehicle Year
1994 (mostly)
Make / Model
ford
Engine Type
2.3 (4 Cylinder)
Engine Size
2.3/140-4
Transmission
Manual
2WD / 4WD
2WD
Tire Size
225/70/15
My credo
built, not bought
well not that I should have , but I did once rent a tow dolly (2 wheel “trailer” you put front end of vehicle on and tow a vehicle, the towed vehicle rides on its back wheels) and towed home a ‘97 3.0 2wd reg cab longbed with a ‘92 2.3 2wd reg cab longbed. Granted, I didnt go very far or fast (10 miles, 40 mph tops) but it did do it ok. When I got the ‘92 it was towed home on a dolly behind a S10 blazer, 35 miles, highway legal speed.
 


Top